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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

fterleria.]                           FLORA INDICA.                                     S$3

m not,, fay. N.S. xiv". t. 4G.   B. umbellata, LindL in Hot. lleg. 1844. t.

y. mcraniha ; ibliosa, foliis valde coriaccis obovato-lanceolatis lan-
ccolatisvc (1-3-pollioariIws) grossc spinuloso-dentutis, racemis elon-
gatis uutaiitibiis, iloribus parvis.  77^. Cfctf. sub 1474 !
HAD. Pcrtotum llimalayam temperatam. a Bhot an usque ad Kuna-
\\ar, alt. G-10,000 ped. ; et in montibus Nilgbiri et Zeylanisc, alt. 6-
7000 pcd,  a. normalia. Vulgatissima a Nipalia ! ad Sinnur ! sed non
in Sikkim visa.  $. Jloribunda. Kumaon et Garhwal, alt. 7700-9500
pcd., Sir. et WintJ. Simla, alt. 9000 ped. ! Kunawar, Munro !  y. '-
crantfia. Nfpal, Wall.! Garbwal 1 Sikl ' i, alt. 9000 ped.! Bhotan, Grif-
j&jS/ (Fl. vcrc.) (o.v.)
This plant we regard as only less variable than B, vulgarly, from which its gene-
rally much more coriaceous leaves, more fascicled flowers of the raceme, and the
long style and small stigma, hest distinguish it. Several forms are known in our
gardens, of which JR. Chitria and B. aristata are the most- marked, hut these are cer-
tainly not specifically distinct. In the Himalaya we find far too many intermediate
states to admit of our separating them even as varieties, and we believe that they are
chiefly due to humidity for their characters. The B. tinctorial of the Nflghiri moun-
tains and Ceylon is another form which sometimes appears distinct, but we have
many specimens from those countries wholly undistinguishable from the Himalayan
a. nonnaHs. The leaves vary much in size, and the small-leaved specimens from
Simla, having often smaller flowers too (and which might as well have heeu included
under van luicranfJia), are identical with hoth Nilghiri and Ceylon individuals. The
handsotnest state of this variety is the Kumaon one known in gardens as R. Chitria,
Ham., with hroad elliptical, almost entire, green, veined leaves, often 3J inches long,
and racemose panicles 4 inches long, bearing fascicles of flowers  inch in diameter ;
it has dark berries -J-J- inch long, often thickly covered with bloom. The state
figured by Kr in the * Botanical Magazine/ with lanceolate spmulosef leaves and
numerous pendulous racemes, is a very slight deviation from, this, TL is form (B.
Chitria) inhabits Nepal, Kumaon, Garhwal, and Sirmorc; we have it not from
Sikkim, nor from the peninsula. It is scarcely an evergreen, though the leaves
remain for a long time. In the peninsular and Ceylon plant (B. twctoria) the
leaves are li-2 inches long, veined, vary from orbicular to obovate a1 id lanceolate,
are all aristate and more or less spinulose, and often very glaucous bUow. It was
originally referred to B. aristata by Liudley in the ' Penny Cyclopre iia ;' its style
is sometimes a Hue long. It is frequently an evergreen. A host of uhvarieties of
var; normal**, often grafted on wlyaris, but which keep their habit for a certain
length of time in gardens, are referable to states of the Kipal and large-leaved form
called Chiiria, of the very glaucous evergreen peninsular plant called tinctoria, and
of the small lanceolate-leaved Simla one, the angustifolia of Roxburgh.
fajloribunda. Many specimens of this appeared to he so distinct from var. a, nor-
mails, that we at lirst hesitated about uniting them ; we find, however, not only that
they are connected by every intermediate grade, but that several Himalayan bota-
nists well acquainted with their forms have preceded us in uniting them. The very
regularly 'racemose disposition of the flowers is its best character, but on some of
Strachey and "Winterbottom's and Wallich's specimens hoth fasciculate and corymbose
and racemose flowers occur, and sometimes on the same specimen. The pedicels of
the flowers also vary extremely, from -} inch long, are either slender, or stouter
and almost fleshy, and are green or very glaucous. The flowers are usually pale, the
petals bifid ; berry shortly oblong, very glaucous, its style distinct. The B. coriaria
of Royle appears to us undoubtedly this plant, differing only in the lanceolate leaves
and red fruit without bloom, characters of no importance. The name Chitria. was